Sandra Abd’Allah-Álvarez Ramírez has a Bachelor of Science in Psychology from the University of Havana, 1996; Master of the Arts in Gender Studies, 2008; and Diploma in Gender and Communication from the International Institute of Journalism José Martí. Editor of the Cuban Black journal “tenía que ser” ( since June 2006. Currently developing the Directory of Afrocuban Women ( As a Black feminist, she is part of the women’s group Afrocubanas, the anti-racist fighters based in the areas of art and culture who have published the book Afrocubanas: historia, pensamiento y prácticas culturalesAbd'Allah Ramirez,Sandra.


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